Drug Smuggler Nation
Narcotics and the Netherlands, 1920–1995

By (author) Stephen Snelders

ISBN13: 9781526167224

Imprint: Manchester University Press

Publisher: Manchester University Press


Published: 14/02/2023

Availability: Available

Why did the international drug regulatory regime of the twentieth century fail to stop an explosive increase in trade and consumption of illegal drugs? This book investigates the histories of smugglers and criminal entrepreneurs in the Netherlands who succeeded in turning the country into the so-called ‘Colombia of Europe’. Increasing state regulations and interventions led to the proliferation of a ‘hydra’ of small, anarchic groups and networks ideally suited to circumvent the enforcement of regulation. Smugglers and suppliers of heroin, cocaine, cannabis, and other drugs created a thriving underground industry of illegal synthetic drug labs and indoor cannabis cultivation in the Netherlands itself, made possible because of the embedded criminal anarchy in Dutch society. Using examples from the rich history of drug smuggling, Drug smuggler nation investigates the hidden grounds of the illegal drug trade, and its effects on our drug policies. -- .
1 Introduction: the drug regulatory regime vs. criminal anarchy 2 The interwar period 3 Global perils I: Chinese and Greek drug smugglers 4 Cannabis, counterculture, and criminals: The rise of cannabis smuggling 5 Global perils II: Chinese triads, Turkish families, and heroin 6 The expansion of the cannabis trade after 1976 7 Global perils III: Colombian syndicates and cocaine 8 The floodgates of criminal anarchy: Synthetic drugs and subverting the state 9 Conclusion Appendix: Graphs of arrests and seizures Bibliography Index -- .
  • History: specific events & topics
  • Drugs trade / drug trafficking
  • General (US: Trade)
  • Professional & Vocational
  • Tertiary Education (US: College)
List Price: £25.00