Future of High-Cost Credit
Rethinking Payday Lending

By (author) Dr Jodi Gardner

ISBN13: 9781509939350

Imprint: Hart Publishing

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing PLC

Format: Hardback

Published: 14/07/2022

Availability: POD

This book proposes a new way of thinking about the controversial and complex challenges associated with the regulation of high-cost credit, specifically payday lending. These products have received significant attention in both the media and political arena. The inadequacy of regulatory interventions has created ongoing problems with the provision of high-cost credit, particularly for consumers with lesser bargaining power and who are already financially vulnerable. The book tackles two specific gaps in the existing literature. The first involves inadequate analysis of the relevant philosophical concepts around high-cost credit, which can result in an over-simplification of what are particularly complex issues. The second is a lack of engagement in both the market and lived experience of borrowers, resulting in limited understanding of those who use these financial products. The Future of High-Cost Credit explores the theoretical grounding, policy initiatives and interdisciplinary perspectives associated with high-cost credit, making a novel and insightful contribution to the existing literature. The problems with debt extend far beyond the legal sphere, and the book will therefore be of interest to many other academic disciplines, as well as for those working in public policy and 'the third sector'.
1. Introduction 1.1. Payday Problems 1.2. Why High-Cost Credit? 1.3. Method, Scope and Jurisdiction 1.4. Outline PART I PHILOSOPHICAL CONTEXT: THE CONCEPTS OF HIGH-COST CREDIT 2. High-Cost Credit in the UK 2.1. How is High-Cost Credit Regulated? 2.1.1. The History of Moneylending Regulation 2.1.2. The Office of Fair Trading 2.1.3. The Financial Conduct Authority 2.1.4. Non-Regulatory Legal Enforcement 2.1.5. What Can We Learn? 2.2. What are the Challenges to Regulation? 2.2.1. Victim Blaming 2.2.2. Inadequate Engagement with the Market 2.2.3. What Can We Do? 2.3. Conclusion 3. Freedom 3.1. What is Freedom? 3.2. The History of Freedom 3.3. Justifying Freedom 3.3.1. Consent 3.3.2. Human Rights Approaches 3.3.3. Responsibilisation and Financialisation 3.3.4. Differing Approaches to Financial and Physical Products 3.4. Examples of Freedom 3.4.1. Restrictions on Who Can Lend 3.4.2. Disclosure Obligations and Advertising Restrictions 3.4.3. Cooling-Off Rights 3.4.4. Unfair Relationship Test 3.4.5. Vitiating Factors 3.5. Limitations of Freedom 3.5.1. Failure of Disclosure 3.5.2. Lack of Meaningful Choice 3.5.3. Poverty 3.6. Conclusion 4. Regulation 4.1. What is Regulation? 4.2. The History of Regulation 4.2.1. Usury, Religion and High-Cost Credit 4.2.2. The Development of Regulation 4.2.3. What Can We Learn? 4.3. Explanations for Regulation 4.3.1. Preventing Harmful Outcomes 4.3.2. Stopping Unconscionable Behaviour 4.3.3. Defending the Vulnerable 4.4. Examples of Regulation 4.4.1. Amending or Prohibiting Contract Terms 4.4.2. Prohibiting or Limiting Interest 4.4.3. Responsible Lending Obligations 4.4.4. Unfair Terms Legislation 4.4.5. Common Law Protections 4.5. Limitations of Regulation 4.5.1. Overlap with Limitations of Freedom 4.5.2. Illegal Lending 4.5.3. Financial Exclusion 4.6. Conclusion 5. A Social Minimum 5.1. What is a Social Minimum? 5.2. The History of A Social Minimum 5.2.1. Religious and Charitable Obligations 5.2.2. The Poor Laws 5.2.3. The Beveridge Report 5.2.4. After the 'Welfare State' 5.3. Explanations for a Social Minimum 5.3.1. Equality and Liberal Democracy 5.3.2. Government Duty 5.3.3. Social Minimum and Happiness 5.4. Examples of a Social Minimum Provision 5.4.1. Welfare Provision 5.4.2. Bankruptcy Relief 5.4.3. Vitiating Factors 5.5. Limitations of a Social Minimum 5.5.1. Impact on Property Rights 5.5.2. Responsibility for the Social Minimum 5.5.3. Moral Hazards 5.6. Conclusion PART II THE SOCIAL CONTEXT: IDENTIFYING HIGH-COST CREDIT BORROWERS 6. The Lived Experience 6.1. Research Method and Results 6.1.1. Methodology of Stakeholder Interviews 6.1.2. Methodology of Borrower Interviews 6.1.3. Interview Results 6.2. Financially Secure Borrowers 6.2.1. Lending Scenarios 6.2.2. Application to High-Cost Credit Concepts 6.2.3. Application to Current Legal Approach 6.3. Financially Insecure Borrowers 6.3.1. Lending Scenarios 6.3.2. Application to High-Cost Credit Concepts 6.3.3. Application to Current Legal Approach 6.4. Significantly Impaired Borrowers 6.4.1. Lending Scenarios 6.4.2. Application to High-Cost Credit Concepts 6.4.3. Application to Current Legal Approach 6.5. Conclusion 7. Future Directions 7.1. Law Reform Recommendations 7.1.1. Enhanced and Meaningful Disclosure 7.1.2. Responsible Lending Obligations 7.1.3. Opt Out Processes 7.2. Social Welfare Responses 7.2.1. Providing a Social Minimum 7.2.2. Maintaining a Social Minimum 7.3. Further Research 8. Conclusion
  • Law & society
  • Banking law
  • Consumer protection law
  • Professional & Vocational
  • Tertiary Education (US: College)
List Price: £85.00