Legal Singularity
How Artificial Intelligence Can Make Law Radically Better

By (author) Benjamin Alarie,Abdirashid Aidid,Abdi Aidid

ISBN13: 9781487529413

Imprint: University of Toronto Press

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

Format: Hardback

Published: 04/07/2023

Availability: Available

Law today is incomplete, inaccessible, unclear, underdeveloped, and often perplexing to those whom it affects. In The Legal Singularity, Abdi Aidid and Benjamin Alarie argue that the proliferation of artificial intelligence-enabled technology - and specifically the advent of legal prediction - is on the verge of radically reconfiguring the law, our institutions, and our society for the better. Revealing the ways in which our legal institutions underperform and are expensive to administer, the book highlights the negative social consequences associated with our legal status quo. Given the infirmities of the current state of the law and our legal institutions, the silver lining is that there is ample room for improvement. With concerted action, technology can help us to ameliorate the law and our legal institutions. Inspired in part by the concept of the "technological singularity," The Legal Singularity presents a future state in which technology facilitates the functional "completeness" of law, where the law is at once extraordinarily more complex in its specification than it is today, and yet operationally vastly more knowable, fairer, and clearer for its subjects. Aidid and Alarie describe the changes that will culminate in the legal singularity and explore the implications for the law and its institutions.
1. Introducing the Legal Singularity I. Introduction II. Orienting Ourselves on the Path of the Law III. What Do We Mean by "Singularity"? a. The Technological Singularity b. The Economic Singularity c. The Legal Singularity IV. The Path of the Law: Toward Legal Singularity 2. The Development of Legal Information I. The Centrality of Information to Law a. Law before Text b. Prediction and Law's Information Environment II. Legal Information's Three Stages a. The Analog Era b. The Digital Era i. Early Computerized Legal Research ii. The Legal Profession's Digital Aspirations III. The New Information Environment b. Access to Data and Access to Justice c. An Open Source Movement? 3. Computational Law I. Introduction II. Understanding Artificial Intelligence a. Defining Artificial Intelligence III. Applying AI to the Law: Computational Law a. Should Law Be Computed? b. Computational Values? IV. A Computational Case Study: The Economic Substance Doctrine a. Doctrinal and Legislative Context b. Our Data c. Predicting Recent Economic Substance Cases V. The Payoff: Complete Law 4. Defending the Legal Singularity from Its Critics I. Introduction II. Is Computational Law Reductionist? a. Pasquale, Hildebrandt, and Law's Unquantifiable Essence b. Ideology, Social Context, and the Legal Singularity c. The Limits of Techno-Critique III. Does the Legal Singularity Threaten the Rule of Law? a. Robert F. Weber and the Law's "Normative Core" 5. Implications for the Judiciary I. Introduction II. The Pitfalls of the Modern Judiciary a. Biases and Human Weaknesses b. Courthouse Overcrowding and Delayed Justice c. The Implications of Court Design III. The Future of the Courts: Computational Solutions in the Courtroom a. Human Experts b. Legal Research c. Document Drafting d. Expert Evidence e. Changes to Fact-Finding Procedures f. Discovery g. Predictive Technology h. Case Management i. Fair Settlements IV. The Evolution of Judicial Decision-Making: The Paradox of Judging a. Beyond Physical Courtrooms and Human Judges i. Neural Laces ii. Online Courts and Dispute Resolution iii. Online Alternative Dispute Resolution V. Possible Adoption Roadblocks VI. Looking Ahead: The Evolution of the Judiciary 6. Towards Universal Legal Literacy I. Introduction II. The Legal Profession's Problem State a. Problem I: The Market for Legal Services i. The Unaffordability Problem ii. Consequences of Unaffordability iii. Responses to the Unaffordability Problem by the Legal Profession b. Problem II: Complexity III. The Solution: Universal Legal Literacy a. Imagining Universal Legal Literacy b. Universal Legal Literacy in the Legal Singularity 7. Implications for Governments and Authorities I. Introduction II. Governments and Technology a. Government Inefficiency and Technological Solutions III. Artificially Intelligent Governments IV. Current Government Applications of AI a. Government Investment and Interest in AI V. Applications of AI in Service Provision and Regulation a. Tax Regulation b. Government Benefits Distribution c. Immigration VI. Applications of AI in Legislation a. Drafting Legislation b. Normative Contributions and Second Order Modeling 8. Towards Ethical and Equitable Legal AI I. Introduction II. The Problems a. Problem I: ADM Reproduces Bad Social Problems b. A Solution? Algorithmic Affirmative Action III. Better Algorithmic Design 9. Conclusion Index
  • Social services & welfare, criminology
  • Crime & criminology
  • Professional & Vocational
  • Tertiary Education (US: College)
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